The fluid therapy plan should be tailored to the individual requirements of the surgical patient. Fluid therapy plans differ widely for the type of surgical procedure and for healthy versus compromised patients. This in-depth article covers preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative periods in detail and includes methods of fluid administration and assessment formulas for fluid and blood loss. Fluid considerations for various populations and diseases, guidelines for common perioperative electrolyte and glucose disorders, and target values for monitoring blood volume replacement are provided in convenient tabular form.

COMMENTARY: This is an excellent resource to help the busy clinician determine the appropriate fluid therapy for patients on the basis of age and disease process.

Guidelines for perioperative fluid therapy. Kudnig ST, Mama K. Compend Contin Educ Pract Vet 25:102-111, 2003.