Small Animal Clinical Nutrition: Gastrointestinal Module

Small Animal Clinical Nutrition, 6th Edition: Gastrointestinal Disease

Explore the microbiome in the following digital chapters of the Small Animal Clinical Nutrition (SACN) 6th edition provided by the Mark Morris Institute (MMI). This content is completely free and includes access to specific articles from top experts, written for Clinician's Brief and relevant to the provided chapters of SACN. Last but not least, test your knowledge at the end with a handy RACE-approved quiz.

Summary of Chapter

The Intestinal Microbiome: What Lives in the Dog’s & Cat’s Gut?

The Oft Forgotten World of the Microbiome

The GI microbiome of dogs and cats has become increasingly recognized as playing a crucial role in both systemic health and pathology. Colonization of the GI tract begins before birth, and the adult microbiome is influenced by a variety of factors, including host diet, environment, disease, and pharmacologic interventions. Alterations in the GI microbiome have not only local impacts on GI health and disease but are also linked to pathology in more distant anatomic sites. Through complex interactions in host metabolism, immune function, and genetic signaling, the role of the microbiome has been implicated in various disease processes, including but not limited to the skin, kidney, and even brain.

Disruption of microbiome health can lead to microbial shifts (ie, dysbiosis). Therefore, it stands to reason that there is significant potential in manipulation of the microbiome to help aid in a variety of disease treatments. Alterations of the microbiome with the use of prebiotics, probiotics, and synbiotics have been credited with improvements in a variety of acute and chronic disease states. With postbiotic production by GI microbiota being highly influenced by host diet, nutrition and dietary modification remain at the forefront of the microbiome and ultimately host health.

TEST YOURSELF

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Multiple Choice Questions
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The Microbiome & the Relevance of Prebiotics, Probiotics, & Postbiotics

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Which of the following are important roles of the microbiome?

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The Microbiome & the Relevance of Prebiotics, Probiotics, & Postbiotics
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Which of the following definitions is incorrect?

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The Microbiome & the Relevance of Prebiotics, Probiotics, & Postbiotics
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Which of the following is considered a benefit of a properly formulated diet containing carefully selected prebiotics in specific proportions as compared with some of the other more traditional therapeutic food approaches?

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The Microbiome & the Relevance of Prebiotics, Probiotics, & Postbiotics
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What is a potential effect of antibiotics on the intestinal microbiome?

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The Microbiome & the Relevance of Prebiotics, Probiotics, & Postbiotics
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True or false: The intestinal microbiome of each individual patient is unique.

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The Microbiome & the Relevance of Prebiotics, Probiotics, & Postbiotics
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Which of the following is not a concern when using probiotics?

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The Microbiome & the Relevance of Prebiotics, Probiotics, & Postbiotics
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True or false: Postbiotics can have only positive effects on host health.

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The Microbiome & the Relevance of Prebiotics, Probiotics, & Postbiotics
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The primary determinant of postbiotic production is:

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Which of the following statements regarding the use of prebiotics is true?

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The Microbiome & the Relevance of Prebiotics, Probiotics, & Postbiotics
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Polyphenols are:

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The Microbiome & the Relevance of Prebiotics, Probiotics, & Postbiotics
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The Microbiome & the Relevance of Prebiotics, Probiotics, & Postbiotics

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