Content continues after advertisement

Research Note: Parasite Control

Parasitology

|July 2017

Sign in to Print/View PDF

Endoparasites and zoonoses continue to play a large role in animal and public health. Parasites of zoonotic concern, Ascarididae and Ancylostomatidae, were detected in 80% of public parks in Lisbon, prompting the European Scientific Counsel Companion Animal Parasites (ESCCAP) guidelines to advise environmental-control measures (eg, dog feces removal) and parasite control on a quarterly basis in dogs and cats. Canine vector-borne diseases are also an increasing concern; ESCCAP recommends regular insecticide–acaricide treatments. 

In this study, a questionnaire was used to assess owner compliance with the recommended treatment schedules. Additional questions assessed owner knowledge about parasites as a cause of disease and owner perception of how a pet might acquire such parasites. Owners of 243 dogs and 69 cats were interviewed. 

Of 204 adult dogs, 183 (89.7%) were treated with endoparasitic drugs. However, 42.4% of owners admitted forgetfulness about readministering doses. Only 11.8% of dogs and 5.5% of cats were considered adequately and continuously protected from endoparasites. Only 28.4% of dogs were uninterruptedly protected throughout the year from vector-borne diseases transmitted by fleas, ticks, sandflies, and mosquitoes. Only 52.7% of cats were treated with insecticide–acaricide products, most at irregular intervals. One-third of respondents had no knowledge of possible infectious sources, and most had never heard of zoonosis, although they understood the concept. Thirty-seven percent of owners did not always collect their dog’s feces in public places. 

The authors encouraged veterinarians to increase owner education efforts in these areas.

References

For global readers, a calculator to convert laboratory values, dosages, and other measurements to SI units can be found here.

All Clinician's Brief content is reviewed for accuracy at the time of publication. Previously published content may not reflect recent developments in research and practice.

Material from Clinician's Brief may not be reproduced, distributed, or used in whole or in part without prior permission of Educational Concepts, LLC. For questions or inquiries please contact us.

Podcasts

Clinician's Brief:
The Podcast
Listen as host Alyssa Watson, DVM, talks with the authors of your favorite Clinician’s Brief articles. Dig deeper and explore the conversations behind the content here.
Clinician's Brief provides relevant diagnostic and treatment information for small animal practitioners. It has been ranked the #1 most essential publication by small animal veterinarians for 9 years.*

*2007-2017 PERQ and Essential Media Studies

© 2023 Educational Concepts, L.L.C. dba Brief Media ™ All Rights Reserved. Terms & Conditions | DMCA Copyright | Privacy Policy | Acceptable Use Policy