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Quiz: Initial Clinical Pain Management in Cats & Dogs

Rachel Reed, DVM, DACVAA, University of Georgia

Anesthesiology & Pain Management

|August 2022|Peer Reviewed

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Effective pain management in veterinary patients is important because pain can negatively impact quality of life and increase morbidity and mortality.1 Analgesics can minimize or eliminate nociceptive impulses at several locations in the nociceptive pathway, including peripheral and central components that involve opioid receptors, alpha-2–adrenergic receptors, sodium channels, and N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors. Multimodal pain management protocols are effective because they target multiple sites in the nociceptive pathway.2

Acute pain is a physiologic sequela to tissue injury that can be treated with multimodal management.3 Chronic pain is the result of severe and/or poorly managed acute pain that causes permanent changes in nociceptive pathways and can be prevented with use of multimodal analgesia during the acute phase of nociception.4 Clinical presentations of chronic pain include ongoing inflammation, osteoarthritis, neuropathic pain, and cancer pain.4

References

For global readers, a calculator to convert laboratory values, dosages, and other measurements to SI units can be found here.

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