Hélène L.M. Ruel, DMV, DÉS, MSc, DACVIM (Neurology), PhD Candidate, is a neurology clinician at Université de Montréal in Montreal, Canada.
Paulo V. Steagall, DVM, MS, PhD, DACVAA, is an associate professor of veterinary anesthesiology and analgesia at University of Montreal in Montreal, Canada. He earned his DVM and completed an anesthesiology residency at São Paulo State University in Brazil, where he also earned his master’s degree and PhD with an emphasis in feline analgesia. Dr. Steagall is a member of the Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery editorial board, the WSAVA Global Pain Council, and the WSAVA Dental Guidelines Committee. He is also the cochair of the WSAVA Therapeutic Guidelines group. Dr. Steagall has published more than 80 articles on pain management in small animals and coedited the book Feline Anesthesia and Pain Management.