Content continues after advertisement

Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake Bite

Michael Schaer, DVM, Diplomate ACVIM & ACVECC, University of Florida

Toxicology

|December 2007|Peer Reviewed

Sign in to Print/View PDF

The Eastern diamondback rattlesnake, indigenous to the Southeastern U.S., belongs to the pit viper group and plays an important role in rodent control. Its potent venom has vasotoxic, hematoxic, cardiotoxic, neurotoxic, and necrogenic properties. A rattlesnake will attack to defend itself, which can result in life-threatening wounds. When on the losing end of such encounters, cats are commonly envenomated on the lateral body wall. Dogs tend to present a head-first posture. Life-threatening consequences include hypovolemia and fibrinogenolysis. Standard treatment of

Clinician's Brief
rattlesnake bite includes mixed crotalid polyvalent antivenin or the more purified product, CroFab (Crotalidae Polyvalent Immune Fab [Ovine]; Protherics, Inc), intravenous crystalloid fluids, analgesia, and other life-support measures as needed. Prognosis is guarded during the first 24 to 48 hours, with signs of improvement usually occurring by the end of the third hospital day.

For global readers, a calculator to convert laboratory values, dosages, and other measurements to SI units can be found here.

All Clinician's Brief content is reviewed for accuracy at the time of publication. Previously published content may not reflect recent developments in research and practice.

Material from Clinician's Brief may not be reproduced, distributed, or used in whole or in part without prior permission of Educational Concepts, LLC. For questions or inquiries please contact us.

Podcasts

Clinician's Brief:
The Podcast
Listen as host Alyssa Watson, DVM, talks with the authors of your favorite Clinician’s Brief articles. Dig deeper and explore the conversations behind the content here.
Clinician's Brief provides relevant diagnostic and treatment information for small animal practitioners. It has been ranked the #1 most essential publication by small animal veterinarians for 9 years.*

*2007-2017 PERQ and Essential Media Studies

© 2023 Educational Concepts, L.L.C. dba Brief Media ™ All Rights Reserved. Terms & Conditions | DMCA Copyright | Privacy Policy | Acceptable Use Policy