Tamara Grubb, DVM, PhD, DACVAA, is an adjunct professor of veterinary anesthesia and analgesia at Washington State University and owner of an anesthesia, analgesia, and continuing education consulting practice for small and large animals. Dr. Grubb is also a certified acupuncturist. She is president-elect of the International Veterinary Academy of Pain Management. Dr. Grubb is coauthor of Anesthesia & Pain Management for Veterinary Nurses and Technicians and Analgesia and Anesthesia for the Ill or Injured Dog and Cat. Her clinical interest and research focus is pain management. She has received the Carl J. Norden Distinguished Teaching Award twice.