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Quiz: Blood Transfusion Products in Dogs & Cats

Rachel Halpin, DVM, DACVECC, MedVet Medical Center for Pets, Cincinnati, Ohio

Emergency Medicine & Critical Care

|May 2018|Peer Reviewed|Web-Exclusive

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Quiz: Blood Transfusion Products in Dogs & Cats
7  Questions
Multiple Choice Questions
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Quiz: Blood Transfusion Products in Dogs & Cats

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A 6-month-old intact male Labrador retriever is evaluated for an acute onset of collapse and epistaxis. According to the owners, the dog roams freely on the property, which has been treated with a large amount of anticoagulant rodenticide. Physical examination reveals pale mucous membranes, tachycardia, and severe diffuse bruising on the ventral abdomen and inguinal region. Packed cell volume (PCV) is 12% with a total protein of 3 g/dL. Coagulation times are markedly prolonged, with values too high to be read by the analyzer.

Which of the following blood products would be most appropriate to transfuse in this patient?

Select one of the above choices and click submit.
Quiz: Blood Transfusion Products in Dogs & Cats
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An 8-month-old intact female Doberman pinscher is presented for routine ovariohysterectomy. The owner notes that the puppy had considerable gingival bleeding associated with eruption of her permanent teeth, which prompts diagnostic testing for von Willebrand disease (vWD). Because the test result reveals a severe form of type 1 vWD, desmopressin will be administered immediately before surgery. 

Ideally, which of the following blood products should also be readily available before OHE is performed?

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Quiz: Blood Transfusion Products in Dogs & Cats
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A 15-year-old neutered male cat with a history of chronic kidney disease and a progressive, nonregenerative anemia presents for lethargy and decreased appetite. On physical examination, the cat is very weak with pale mucous membranes and poor pulse quality. Blood work reveals a hematocrit of 16% with no change in electrolytes or renal values in the last 3 months. The practitioner decides that transfusion is indicated.

Which of the following statements regarding blood types and transfusions in cats is true?

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Quiz: Blood Transfusion Products in Dogs & Cats
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A 7-year-old spayed crossbreed dog weighing 25 kilograms is being treated for immune-mediated hemolytic anemia. Hematocrit has dropped to 12%, and the dog is acutely weak and tachycardic. Based on these findings, the decision has been made to give the patient a transfusion. 

Which of the following blood products would be appropriate to transfuse to this patient?

Select one of the above choices and click submit.
Quiz: Blood Transfusion Products in Dogs & Cats
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A transfusion is needed immediately, but no stored blood products are available. However, a 35-kg (77-lb) dog is available to donate whole blood. 

What is the maximum amount of blood that can be safely collected from this donor?

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Quiz: Blood Transfusion Products in Dogs & Cats
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A 10-year-old intact female German shepherd dog is presented for lethargy and decreased appetite. Blood work reveals pancytopenia, including a nonregenerative anemia (hematocrit 19%). Temperature is 104.2°F (40.1°C), heart rate is 136 bpm, and respiratory rate is 42 rpm).

The practitioner is considering administration of a blood transfusion but is unsure if the dog’s clinical signs are because of the anemia or if they are the result of fever. 

Which of the following is an indicator that a blood transfusion may be beneficial in this patient?

Select one of the above choices and click submit.
Quiz: Blood Transfusion Products in Dogs & Cats
7/7  Questions
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A 9-year-old neutered male Chihuahua is in need of a second transfusion of packed RBCs. Before receiving the first packed RBC transfusion 5 days earlier, the dog was found to be DEA 1.1 negative on blood typing. 

What testing is required before the dog receives a second transfusion?

Select one of the above choices and click submit.
Quiz: Blood Transfusion Products in Dogs & Cats
7/7  Questions
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Quiz: Blood Transfusion Products in Dogs & Cats

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References

For global readers, a calculator to convert laboratory values, dosages, and other measurements to SI units can be found here.

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