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Maxillary Extractions in Cats

Mark M. Smith, VMD, DACVS, DAVDC, AVDC and ACVS Founding Fellow of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Center for Veterinary Dentistry & Oral Surgery, Gaithersburg, Maryland

Dentistry & Periodontology

November/December 2020
Peer Reviewed

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Full-mouth tooth extraction is indicated in cats that have stomatitis, generalized tooth resorption, and/or severe periodontal disease. Each tooth, including the entirety of the root, must be completely removed. Surgical extraction requires familiarity with the following techniques:

  • Mucoperiosteal flap development
  • Buccal bone removal (ie, alveolectomy)
  • Crown sectioning of multirooted teeth
  • Crown–root segment elevation and removal
  • Removal and contouring of rough bone margins (ie, osteoplasty) at extraction sites
  • Debridement of diseased periodontal tissue
  • Lavage of extraction sites with dilute chlorhexidine
  • Mobilization of mucoperiosteal flaps
  • Wound apposition using absorbable suture in a simple interrupted pattern

The following images show full-mouth tooth extraction in the maxillary quadrant of cats.

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