No results found.
Casey Barton Behravesh, MS, DVM, DrPH, DACVPM, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia
Sign in to Print/View PDF
This is a filled error message
To access full articles on www.cliniciansbrief.com, please sign in below.
Create an account for free
Want free access to the #1 publication for diagnostic and treatment information? Create a free account to read full articles and access web-exclusive content on cliniciansbrief.com.
Passwords do not match
Where are you from?
AG|Antigua and Barbuda
BA|Bosnia and Herzegovina
IO|British Indian Ocean Territory
CF|Central African Republic
CC|Cocos (Keeling) Islands
CD|Congo, the Democratic Republic of the
FK|Falkland Islands (Malvinas)
TF|French Southern Territories
HM|Heard Island and McDonald Islands
VA|Holy See (Vatican City State)
KR|Korea, Republic of
LY|Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
MK|Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic
FM|Micronesia, Federated States of
MD|Moldova, Republic of
MP|Northern Mariana Islands
PG|Papua New Guinea
KN|Saint Kitts and Nevis
VC|Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
ST|Sao Tome and Principe
GS|South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
PM|Saint Pierre and Miquelon
SJ|Svalbard and Jan Mayen
SY|Syrian Arab Republic
TW|Taiwan, Province of China
TZ|Tanzania, United Republic of
TT|Trinidad and Tobago
TC|Turks and Caicos Islands
AE|United Arab Emirates
UM|United States Minor Outlying Islands
VG|Virgin Islands, British
VI|Virgin Islands, U.S.
WF|Wallis and Futuna
DC|District of Columbia
Micronesia (Federated States Of)
US Minor Outlying Islands
Armed Forces Africa
Armed Forces Americas Aa (except Canada)
Armed Forces Canada
Armed Forces Europe Ae
Armed Forces Middle East Ae
Armed Forces Pacific Ap
PE|Prince Edward Island
Tell us about yourself
Choose the category that describes your business/professional activity
What best describes your position? (question 1 of 2)
Veterinarian Role: (question 2 of 2)
Non-Veterinarian Role: (question 2 of 2)
Yes, I would like to receive updates about products & services, promotions, special offers, news & events from Brief Media.
Already have an account? Sign in here.
Acceptance to the GDPR regulations is required.
Owners of backyard chickens and other poultry (eg, ducks, geese, turkeys) should be made aware of the risks these pets pose to humans and take basic biosecurity steps to protect against zoonotic disease transmission. Backyard poultry can appear healthy and clean but can carry Salmonella spp or Campylobacter spp.1-3 Eggs and habitats can also become contaminated.1-3
Zoonotic diseases that backyard poultry may spread to humans include salmonellosis, campylobacteriosis, and avian influenza viruses. Since the 1990s, numerous widespread outbreaks of human Salmonella spp infections linked to contact with backyard chickens have been documented in the United States.4 Some humans—including children younger than 5 years, humans with weakened immune systems, humans 65 years of age or older, and pregnant women—are at higher risk for serious illness from poultry-borne zoonotic diseases.
Symptoms of salmonellosis or campylobacteriosis include diarrhea (which may be bloody), fever, and/or abdominal cramps. In cases of severe infection, hospitalization may be required and infection may spread from the intestines to the bloodstream and other body sites, which can be life threatening. Infection generally lasts up to one week.
Avian influenza viruses (ie, diseases caused by infection with avian influenza Type-A viruses) occur naturally among wild aquatic birds worldwide and can easily spread and infect domestic poultry and other avian and animal species.5 Wild aquatic birds (eg, ducks, geese) can be infected with avian influenza viruses but appear healthy; however, some of these viruses can cause serious illness and death in domestic poultry (eg, chickens, ducks, turkeys). Infected birds can carry viruses in saliva, mucus, and feces.5
Avian influenza viruses can infect humans via inhalation or contact with the eyes, nose, or mouth.5 Avian influenza in humans has ranged from mild to severe. Signs and symptoms include fever, cough, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, muscle or body aches, fatigue, headaches, conjunctivitis, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and difficulty breathing. Humans in close or prolonged unprotected contact with infected birds or contaminated environments are thought to be at greater risk for infection, and some humans—including children younger than 5 years, humans with weakened immune systems, humans 65 years of age or older, and pregnant women—are at greater risk for serious illness from avian influenza virus infections. Most reported avian influenza infections in humans have occurred after unprotected contact with infected birds or contaminated surfaces.6
Veterinarians should advise owners of backyard chickens and/or other poultry about zoonotic risks and how to reduce the risk for disease transmission:
References and Author Information
Material from Clinician’s Brief may not be reproduced, distributed, or used in whole or in part without prior permission of Educational Concepts, LLC. For questions or inquiries please contact us.
Clinician's Brief provides relevant diagnostic and treatment information for small animal practitioners. It has been ranked the #1 most essential publication by small animal veterinarians for 9 years.*
*2007-2017 PERQ and Essential Media Studies
It's Free & Simple
Delivered to Your Inbox
Join the Conversation
Follow us @CliniciansBrief
© 2018 Educational Concepts, L.L.C. dba Brief Media ™ All Rights Reserved.