Surgery, Soft Tissue
Peer Reviewed

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Tracheal collapse, or tracheal chondromalacia, is a progressive, degenerative condition of the hyaline cartilage rings that support the tracheal lumen. Weakening of the trachealis muscle contributes to the loss of tracheal lumen during various phases of respiration. The resulting clinical syndrome typically manifests as a "goose honk" cough with varying degrees of dyspnea and is most commonly identified in toy breeds. Conservative management techniques and medical management (Table 1) can be useful to palliate clinical signs for years; however, more aggressive treatment is often required for animals in which these conventional treatments eventually fail.

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