Temporary tracheostomy, which creates a bypass of the upper airway, is indicated for any medical condition that results in upper airway obstruction (eg, trauma,1,2 neoplasia,3 functional or conformational conditions as in brachycephalic patients or dogs with laryngeal paralysis).1,4-7 Temporary tracheostomy is rarely performed in a real emergency situation and endotracheal intubation will most often still be possible. Nevertheless, in cases where intubation is impossible, such as respiratory distress with complete pharyngeal obstruction that cannot be relieved (eg, phrayngeal neoplasia, pharyngeal foreign body) or locked-jaw syndrome, emergency tracheostomy can be required.
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