You have asked…What is a biofilm, and how does it affect the urinary tract of animals?

The experts say…

A biofilm is a structured community of bacterial, fungal, or other cells enclosed in a self-produced polymeric matrix adherent to an inert or living surface.1 Biofilms are common in living organisms, including animals, but can also be found in other environments. Biofilms alter the function and pathogenicity of bacteria. Growing evidence suggests they may play a substantial role in infections, especially those that are recurrent or difficult to treat.2

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